Subconjunctival Haemorrhage

This causes the redness of the eyes. This is particularly caused by the bleeding of some small blood vessels of the conjunctiva. Should any of these tiny vessels burst, it would be between the sclera and the conjunctiva. The conjunctiva is the thin covering of the eye ball. This part also covers the sclera of the eyes but not the cornea. It is alarming to look at but it has no symptoms and is usually painless. The redness of the eyes should subside within tine to two weeks.

Causes of Subconjunctival Haemorrhage

There are no apparent reasons for this sudden bursting of the small blood vessels. The older people are at high risk for this condition. Some accidents involving the eyes or head can start this condition. If an accident is the cause of it, the patient can feel like vomiting or coughing. It is very rare that this condition is associated to high blood pressure. If the patient has a bleeding disorder then the patient is at a higher risk of acquiring subconjunctival haemorrhage. This is true for those who have haemophilia or those who have ‘thin blood'.

Symptoms of Subconjunctival Haemorrhage

There are usually no symptoms for this condition. The person will not feel the bleeding until they see themselves in the mirror or if someone points it out to them. It may look alarming especially since the sclera seems to be covered in blood. Haemorrhage occurs between the sclera and the conjunctiva and spreads. The cornea or the central part of the eye is not affected. This is a good thing since it will not affect the patient's vision. Once the patient experiences it, it may recur at a later period.

Treatment for Subconjunctival Haemorrhage

There is no treatment or intervention required. The redness should fade in about one to two weeks. But the patient should tell the doctor if any of the following situations has occurred:

  • The patient has not checked his blood pressure regularly. It is very important to have the blood pressure be checked regularly.
  • If the patient suspects that the condition is due to an eye injury like flying particles from a hammer or chisel etc.
  • If the patient sees that his body is bleeding or if there are visible bruises in his body.

Important notice